Saturday, October 2, 2010

Must read for all Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Indians and other South Asian Muslims - KNOW to know yourself - part 1

   Islam’s Indian slave trade Part I in Islam’s genocidal slavery:

Indian Kingdoms ca 6th Century AD (Modern names added as a reference)
India has a deep, long cultural history.  Hinduism began there around 1,500 BC and Buddhism around the 6th century BC.   This culture had evolved impressive intellectual, religious and artistic pursuits. Pre and post the early days of Islam, Indian scholars took their works in science, maths (zero, algebra, geometry, the decimal system, so-called ‘Arabic’ numbers are actually Hindu ones!), medicine, philosophy etc to the courts of others (including Muslims eg Baghdad).  
Others came to study in India’s established universities.  Indian children (boys and girls) were educated in the relatively widespread education system in a wide variety of subjects eg science, medicine and philosophy.  India’s  art and architecture was magnificent.  They were a prosperous people.  Then came Islam - slaughter, slavery, rape, violence, pillage; destruction of religious sites, art and architecture; poverty, exploitation, humiliation, famine, forced conversion, decline in intellectual pursuits, social destruction and a worsening of social ills.  To Islam, anything that is not Islamic is from a time of ignorance –Jahiliyya- and must be destroyed (or appropriated and called Islam’s!).  The onslaught created the Roma (gypsies), destroyed ‘Hindu’ Afghanistan and formed Pakistan (Kashmir) and Bangladesh .
The cost of the Muslim invasions is massive in lives, wealth and culture.   Estimates suggest that  60-80 MILLION died at the hands of Muslim invaders and rulers between 1000 and 1525 alone (ie over 500 years-the population FELL).  (Lal cited in Khan p 216)  Impossible you think?   In the war of Independence of Bangladesh, 1971, the Muslim Pakistani army killed 1.5-3 million people (mainly Muslims ...) in just 9 MONTHS. (Khan p 216).  The world looked the other way—but don’t we always when it’s Muslims committing the violence!
Based on the figures that are available, the number of Indians enslaved is enormous!

Three articles cover India:  Part I concentrates on slavery while parts J and K examine the Islamic jihad against India not as a list of battles but as a record of the need by pious Muslims to exterminate idolatry and polytheism and make India ‘Muslim’ as expressed in their own memoirs and the writings of Muslim historians.
Click on the image to learn more about the book

The Muslim conquest of India was probably the bloodiest in history:
The Islamic historians and scholars have recorded with utmost glee and pride of the slaughters of Hindus, forced conversions, abduction of Hindu women and children to slave-markets, and the destruction of temples carried out by the warriors of Islam during 800AD to 1700 AD.  Millions of Hindus were converted to Islam by the sword in this period”  (historian Durant cited in Khan p 201)
And Rizwan Salim (1997) writes what the Arab invaders really did:
savages at a very low level of civilisation and no culture worth the name, from Arabia and West Asia, began entering India from the early century onwards.   Islamic invaders demolished countless Hindu temples, shattered uncountable sculpture and idols, plundered innumerable forts and palaces of Hindu kings, killed vast numbers of Hindu men and carried off Hindu women.   .........but many Indians do not seem to recognize that the alien Muslim marauders destroyed the historical evolution of the earth’s most mentally advanced civilisation, the most richly imaginative culture, and the most vigorously creative society.” (cited in Khan p 179)
Of course Indians pre-Islam, fought, but it was NOT the practice to enslave or ravage, or massacre, or destroy religious sites, or damage crops and farmers.  Battles were usually conducted on open soil between military personnel. (Khan p 205-207)  There was no concept of ‘booty’ so Indians were unprepared for Islam’s onslaught.  Indigenous Indians were forced to flee to jungles and mountains, or face gruelling exploitation and taxes, slaughter or enslavement while their society was demeaned and destroyed.  Muslims constantly attacked the indigenous, idolatrous population and also fought against each other in ceaseless revolts by generals, chiefs and princes during the entire time of Islamic rule (Khan p 205).

Slavery:     Initially ‘India’ included part of today’s Pakistan (Sindh), Bangladesh/Bengal and Kashmir.   Hinduism and Buddhism flourished in Afghanistan pre the Islamic takeover (7th century).  In the 16th century Afghanistan was divided between the Muslim Mogul (Mughal) Empire of India and the Safavids of Persia.

The damaged armless image of the bodyguard of Shiva-Maheshwara as depicted at the Hoysaleshwara Temple complex at Halebid. Hindu temples and works of art built in the ancient were desecrated and destroyed by Muslims invaders.
Initially the godless Umayyads, allowed Hindus dhimmi status – possibly because of their large numbers, resistance to Islam and their value as a source of tax income.  This violates Islamic text and law which demands death or conversion for idolaters and polytheists.   When Sultan Iltutmish (d 1236) was asked why Hindus weren’t given the choice between death and Islam, he replied:
but at the moment in India...the Muslims are so few that they are like salt (in a large dish) ...however after a few years when in the capital and the regions and all the small towns, when the Muslims are well established and the troops are would be possible to give Hindus the choice of death or Islam” (cited in Lal [c] p 538) (Can we learn anything from this???)
Despite their supposed ‘dhimmi’ status, mass slaughter, mass forced conversion and mass enslavement with the resulting forced conversion to Islam were practised throughout Islamic rule and into the 20th century as many demanded the idolaters/polytheists convert or die.  Hindu fighters and males were slaughtered with women and children enslaved.   Eunuch slavery was practised on young boys.  

Often actual numbers aren’t given, just comments like ‘countless captives/slaves,’ or ‘all the women and children were taken.’  Where numbers are recorded, they are terrifying.   Along with people, the Muslims took everything they could—coins, jewels, cloths, clothes, furniture, idols, animals, grain etc or destroyed it.

Muslim rulers were foreigners. Until the 13th century, most slaves were sent out of India but following the Sultanate of Delhi (1206) they were retained to work for the sultanate, sold in India or sent elsewhere.  Slaves from elsewhere were imported and Muslim armies were composed of a wide array of foreign slave groups ‘converted’ to Islam and ‘Hindus’ and Indian ‘converts.’  
Slaves were the promised booty from allah and obtaining them was a strong motivation for jihad.
 “slaves were so plentiful that they became very cheap;  men...were degraded....but this is the goodness of god, who bestows honours on his own religion and degrades infidelity”.  (Muslim chronicler Utbi on Sultan Subuktigin of Ghazni’s slave raid [942-997] in Sookdheo p166)
In Sindh (first area attacked successfully) the early ‘Muslim’ community was composed mainly of slaves forced into Islam and a small number of Arab masters (Khan p 299).  Initially slaves were forced out of India eg Qasim (Arab), the conquerer of Sindh sent by Hajjaj bin Yusuf Sakifi in the caliphate of  Walid I,  took 300,000 from a 3 year campaign in 712-715 (Khan p 299, Trifkovic p 109).   Muslim fighters came from everywhere to partake in this ‘jihad.’   Qasim was suddenly recalled and executed (possibly by being sown in an animal’s hide) for supposedly violating 2 Sindhi princesses destined for the caliph’s harem!! (Lal [c] p 439)

Many raids taking slaves were carried out under various caliphs in the 8th and 9th century.

The Ghaznivids-Turks from Ghazni, Afghanistan (997-1206) who subdued the Punjab.
From 17 raids (997-1030) Sultan Muhmud Ghazni (Turk from Afghanistan, 997-1030) sent hundreds of thousands of slaves to Ghanzi (Afghanistan) resulting in a loss of  about 2 million people via slaughter or enslavement and sale outside India (Khan p 315).  Chroniclers (eg Utbi, the sultan’s secretary) provide some numbers eg -from Thanesar, the Muslim army brought 200,000 captives back to Ghazni (Afghanistan). In 1019, 53,000 were taken.  At one time the caliph’s 1/5th share was 150,000 suggesting 750,000 captives.  500,000 were taken in one campaign (at Waihind)(Lal [c] p 551) Mahmud’s secretary al-Utbi records:
Mahmud of Ghazni Mahmud of Ghazni (971-1030) was the first sultan of the Ghaznavid dynasty in Afghanistan.

“Swords flashed like lightening amid the blackness of clouds, and fountains of blood flowed like the fall of setting star.   The friends of god defeated their opponents....the Musalmans wreaked their vengeance on the infidel enemies of god killing 15,000 of them...making them food of the beasts and birds of prey....god also bestowed on his friends such an amount of booty as was beyond all bounds and calculations, including 500,000 slaves beautiful men and women” (Khan p 191)
The Ghaznivid’s ruled in the ‘Islamic sultanate of the Punjab’ till 1186.  Attacks in Kashmir, Hansi, and districts of the Punjab resulted in mass slaughter and enslavement eg 100,000 in a 1079 attack in the Punjab (Tarik –i-Alfi in Khan p 276-7,  Lal [d] p 553).

The Gaurivid invasion:  The Delhi Sultanate 1206-1526)  Turks who conquered northwestern India, and the Gangetic valley. 
1)Under the Ghaurivid rulers (Turks) eg Muhammad Ghauri (Afghani) and his military commander then ruler, Qutbuddin Aibak (r1206-1210), the Delhi sultanate was set up.  Mass beheadings, enslavements, forced conversions, plunder and the destruction of temples continued.  Slaves were incredibly plentiful. In 1195, Aibak took 20,000 slaves from Raja Bhim and 50,000 at Kalinjar (1202) (Lal [c] p 536). 
“even the poor (Muslim) householder became owner of numerous slaves.’ (Khan 103, Lal [c] p 537).
Muhammad Ghori,Mohammad Ghauri, etc., originally named Muizz-ad-din, b.1162 - d.1206, was a Ghurid emperor and the governor of Ghazni from 1173 to 1206.
Following the formation of the Delhi Sultanate (1206) slavery and attacks across India escalated from the Delhi base.   Slave trading centres operated in India selling slaves to merchants and ordinary Muslims. Slaves could be taken anywhere.  While 1/5 of the booty including slaves was nolonger automatically sent to the caliph, slaves were still sent at times to Caliphs and other prominent Muslims and as gifts eg to China.

2) Sultan Iltutmish (d 1236) continued to enslave and force Islam onto slaves (Lal [c] p 538).  The ‘slave’ commander Ulugh Khan Balban  (1250s-1260s) took so many captives they ‘couldn’t be counted.’ A chronicler records –
“all the infidel’s wives, sons and dependents...and children ..fell into the hands of the victors.”  (Chronicler in Lal [c] p 538) 
At Katehar, Balban ordered a general massacre of the male population OVER 8 years of age and carried away women and children (Lal [c] p 539). 

 Throughout ‘Hindustan’ towns and villages were raided, people enslaved in droves.  Hindus returned to villages decimated by fire and sword but the Turkish Muslim armies returned (Lal [c] p 539).  Slaves were lost forever!

3) Rule by the Kiljis (1290-1320) and Tughlaqs (1320- 1413).
Through the 13/14th century ruled by the Khilji (Khaljis) and Tughlaq’s, slavery grew as Islam spread.  Thousands of slaves were sold at a low price everyday (Khan p 280).  Alauddin Khilji’s (r 1296-1316) capture of slaves was stupendous and he shackled, chained and humiliated slaves (Lal [c] p 540).  In the sack of Somnath alone he:
 “took captive a great number of  handsome and elegant maidens, amounting to 20,000 and children of both sexes ..more than the pen can enumerate. The Mohammadan army brought the country to utter ruin, destroyed the lives of inhabitants, and plundered the cities and captured their offspring.” (historian cited in Bostom p 641,  Lal [c] p 540)
 Many thousands were massacred.   Alauddin Khilji (r 1296-1316) had 50,000 slave BOYS in his personal service and 70,000 slaves worked continuously on his buildings.(Lal [c] p 541)

Women practised Jauhar (burning or killing oneself to avoid enslavement and rape) and sati

The Sufi Amir Khusrau notes “the Turks, whenever they please, can seize, buy or sell any Hindu” (Lal [c] p 541)
ALA-UD-DIN-KHILJI extended the boundaries of the Delhi Sultanate and brought almost the whole of India under his rule.

The slave markets had a continuous supply of slaves eg Delhi.  A Hindu chronicle of the end of the 13th/early 14th century notes violent campaigns across extensive areas which resulted in death or enslavement of perhaps millions of Hindus.  It reports instructions to Turkish Muslim invaders (ie to Gori Malik in the sack of Bhinmal) to spread terror, cut down the Brahmanas, and kill cows.  The Turks enslaved, ransacked and burnt (Bostom p 643-4)

Muhammad  Tughlaq’s (r 1325-1351) enslavement of others outstripped Alauddin Khilji.
Commentators write:
“The Sultan never ceases to show  the greatest zeal in making war upon infidels....everyday thousands of slaves are sold at a very low price, so great is the number of prisoners.” (Lal [c] p 541)
Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388) had 180,000 slaves (he collected young males) including 40,000 guards of his palace.  He told his fief-holders and officers to capture slaves whenever they were at war and send him the best.  (Sookdheo p165-167,  Lal [c] p 542)

Shams Siraj Afif, a contemporary historian notes: “slaves became too numerous.”  “The
Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq
institution took root in every centre of the land” and continued even when the sultanate fractured into kingdoms. (Lal [c] p 542)
Traveller throughout India, Ibn Battuta noted that villages after villages were deserted (Lal [c] p 544).

Slave trading centres for Indian slaves outside India were Khurasan, Ghazni, Samarkhand (Central Asia) and Kabul and Kandahar.    Caravans also arrived there from Istanbul, Iraq, and China..(Khan p 318).  Foreign slaves were also bought by ‘Indian’ Muslims as they were less likely to cause uprisings.  Even in Akbar’s court (1556-1605), where some Hindus were employed, most were foreign (Khan p 318).

Timur/Tamerlane 1398/99.  Destroyed the Delhi sultanate:
A raid by pious Timurlane (Amir Timur –a Turkic/Mogul from Central Asia) in 1398/99 saw 100,000 slaves slaughtered in cold-blood  before he attacked Delhi and possibly 200,000-250,000 (or more) plus craftsmen enslaved and taken out of  India (to Samarkand, Central Asia).(Khan p 282, Lal [c] p 544).  In his memoirs on the attack on Delhi, Timur claims his 15,000 Turks EACH “secured from 50 to 100 prisoners......there was no man with less than 20” and that was on just one day, the 17th!   “The other booty was immense”...”women were obtained in such quantities as to exceed all count.”  The areas of Delhi occupied by Muslims weren’t sacked.  The slaughter, mass enslavement and plunder continued as he headed towards his home Samarkand, Central Asia. (Timur’s memoirs, Bostom p 648).

The Sayyid  and Lodi dynasties (1400-1525)- returning the Delhi sultanate
Following Timur’s destruction of Turkish Muslim rule in Delhi, he installed others that paid tribute to him till 1506. 
Sayyid sultans attacked, enslaved, killed and plundered in Katehar (1422), Malwa (1423) and Alwar (1425)(Khan p 282)
Then the Lodi Sultans  (1451-1526) restored the sultanate.    Nothing changed for the Hindus.  Enslavement and slaughter by Sultan Bahlul depopulated Nimsar.  Sikandar Lodi repeated this in Rewa and Gwaloir (Khan p 282).

Mughal rule 1526-1707.
1) Jahiruddin Shah Babur (1483-1530) defeated Lodi.     Babur, known for his quotes from the Koran, jihad  and piles of heads also enslaved women and children (Khan p 282-3,  Lal[b] p 438-459).  Leadership contests ensued.

2) Akbar the great (1556-1605) –Babur’s grandson
Raiding a village without reason and enslaving the inhabitants became common and, although Akbar (1556-1605) tried to stop this practice, it continued unabated.   Most parts of India came under Akbar’s control.  Illiterate Akbar is considered tolerant and many of his acts are contrary to Islam eg he rejected Islam, allowed others into his court and attempted to synthesize a new composite religion called Din-i-Ilahi –religion of god (Khan p 152).  He adopted Hindu and Zoroastrian festivals and practices (Trifkovic p 112).   He stopped the jizya though other taxes remained. Yet in many ways he remained ‘Islamic.’ While declaring independence from foreign Islamic overlordship he still sent ‘gifts’ to Mecca, Medina and elsewhere (Khan p 163).  He owned slaves including thousands of women.  He hated ‘paganism.’ (Note in his memoirs –‘Barburnama- Sultan Babur [1483-1530] noted that most of Hindustan’s inhabitants were pagans; “they call a pagan a Hindu”!! Bostom p 80).   Thousands of peasants (30,000)(lower caste Hindus) in Chittor who took up arms alongside their Rajput rulers (8,000 Rajputs) were put to the sword or enslaved and their property taken. (Khan p 88, 113, Trifkovic p 112)
“the order was given for a general massacre of the infidels as punishment mid-day nearly 2000 had been slain....those of the fortress who escapes the sword, men and women were made prisoners, and their property  came into the hands of the Musulmans.  The place being cleared of the infidels, his majesty remained there three days”  (cited in Sookdheo  p 265).
Akbar’s sex slavery: Akbar had 5,000 females in his harem (Khan p 102)

While Akbar supposedly attempted to halt mass slavery in battle, it vigorously continued under his commanders. Chroniclers and reports record that raiding villages without justification and enslaving people was fashionable. (Khan p 283).  Children were stolen, kidnapped and purchased then males were castrated (Islam’s famous eunuch slavery), particularly in Bengal.    Abdullah Khan Uzbeg, one of Akbar’s generals boasted,
“I made prisoners of 5 lacs (500,000) of men and women and sold them.   They all became Muhammadans.  From their progeny, there will be crores (one crore=10 million) by the day of judgement.”(cited in Khan p 103)
Slave markets popped up all over India.  Slaves became very cheap---everyone (Muslim) had several! (Khan p 316).
A witness noted:
“in his reign, servants and slaves were so numerous and cheap that everybody, even of mean fortune, keeps a great family and is splendidly attended’  (cited in Khan p 283)
Akbar’s son and grandson retuned to orthodox Islam.

3) Jahangir (1605-27CE Akbar’s son) wrote that 500,000-600,000 people were slaughtered during the combined rule of his father –Akbar- and his own!!! (Lal [b] p 459, Khan p 200).   In 1619-20 alone he sent 200,000 Indian slaves to Iran for sale.  Children were castrated and given as slaves to pay tax collectors (Khan 285) 

4) Shah Jahan (1628-58, Akbar’s grandson)  The condition of Hindu peasants became unbearable—adults and children were enslaved to pay taxes (Khan p 283-4).  Yet you will read of this as the Mughal period’s greatest prosperity—while non-Muslim Indians were reduced to destitution.  Shah Jahan’s religious violence; destruction of Hindu and Christian sites; offer of death or Islam to 4,000 at Agra while young females were sent to harems; slaughter of 10,000 at Hugh and INCEST with his daughters is reported in part K and Trifkovic p 112.  Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal to his 3rd wife who died bearing her 14th child in 19 years!  (What a romantic!!)

 Slaves from foreign nations also flowed into India –eg Sultan Aurangzeb purchased Tatar and Uzbek women as harem guards  (war-like) and European women as sex–slaves .(Khan 317)

5) Aurangzeb (Akbar’s great grandson, r 1658-1707) aimed to conquer, enslave or convert all of India (Khan p 104).   He revived Islam.  Temples and schools were destroyed and infidels slaughtered.  Islam’s dhimmitude laws were applied with a vengence. (Khan p 98). Hindus revolted against paying the jizyah. In a campaign against the Rajputs, his generals

“employed themselves in laying waste to the country, destroying temples and buildings, cutting down fruit trees, and making prisoners of the women and children of the infidels ..”  (Sookdheo p 265 –complies with jihad laws eg Reliance of the Traveller; Laws o9.13 – enslave women and children and  o9.15 p 604 –OK to cut down trees and destroy buildings ).
A French Physician living in India noted that children “were carried away as slaves” to pay taxes (Khan p 284)

Slavery continued from within India and outside even though the British, who halted slavery, had begun to enter India in the 18th century:

In 1713-1719:  Mughal Furrukhsiyar, attacked the Sikh fortress of Gurdaspur in Punjab, killing thousands and sending others in collars and chains to the emperor (Sookdheo p 265)

In 1738, Nadir Shah of Iran invaded India, slaughtered 200,000, plundered and enslaved, returning home with thousands of slaves, including a few thousand beautiful girls and immense treasure (Khan p 104, p 199).

Reign of Terror - After his accession to the throne of Delhi, Farrukh-Siyar launched the sternest proceedings against the Sikhs, who had under Banda Singh Bahadur freed much of the Punjab from mughal rule.
The British captured Bengal in 1757 yet Muslim rulers continued their slave taking around India. 
Afghani, Ahmad Shah Abdali attacked 3 times (1757, 1760, 1761) around Mattra, Delhi, Luni, winning the Third Battle of the Panipat against the resistant Marathas  in 1761.  He slaughtered hundreds of thousands, beheaded and burnt people alive and looted, all in accordance with Islam.  Massacres occurred in cold blood after the battle.  Severed heads were piled up and people enslaved -22,000 in one case.  Victims were humiliated, abused and suffered atrocities.  His prisoners were deprived of food and drink and paraded in long lines before being beheaded . (Khan p 104, Bostom p 657).

Islamic violence and enslavement of others continued to the end.  The last independent Muslim ruler Tipu Sultan (1750-1799), a nationalist hero for standing up to the British, killed 10,000 Hindus and Christians and enslaved 7000 in his wars against Travancore.  The enslaved were forced into Islam.   A Muslim chronicler notes 70,000 Coorgis were forced into Islam. (Khan p 200)

The East India company passed the  Indian slavery Act V banning slavery in 1843—at the time slavery existed in Bengal, Madras, Bombay  (Khan p 335)

In reality there were continued attacks, abductions and rapes by Muslims.  During the partition of India into India and Pakistan 1947, (a Muslim land grab), Muslims kidnapped hundreds of thousands of Hindu and Sikh women and married them to Muslims.  In November 1947, Muslim Pathan raiders enslaved Hindu and Sikh girls in Kashmir and sold them in Pakistan markets (Jhelum)  (Khan p 284).  Women committed Jauhar—jumping into fires, jumping into a well, or taking poison in preference to abduction, slavery and rape.  (Khan p 252).   Non-Muslims fled to ‘India’.  In an ‘ethnic/religious’ cleansing attempt, Muslims slaughtered, forcibly converted and enslaved particularly in the area that would become and became Pakistan in an effort to create a pure Islamic state free of polluting others.  Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ and of course, only Muslims are pure! (see detail, part K)

Today in Pakistan and Bangladesh (separated from Pakistan in 1971, formerly East Pakistan/East Bengal), Hindu, Sikh, Jain and Christian girls etc are abducted, raped and forced into Islam.  Literally millions of non-Muslims have fled to India.

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